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ArtikelThe "Gender Gap" in Authorship of Academic Medical Literature - A 35-Year Perspective  
Oleh: Jagsi, Reshma ; Guancial, Elizabeth A. ; Worobey, Cynthia Cooper ; Henault, Lori E ; Chang, Yuchiao ; Starr, Rebecca ; Tarbell, Nancy J. ; Hylek, Elaine M
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: The New England Journal of Medicine (keterangan: ada di Proquest) vol. 355 no. 03 (Jul. 2006), page 281.
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Isi artikelBACKGROUND Participation of women in the medical profession has increased during the past four decades, but issues of concern persist regarding disparities between the sexes in academic medicine. Advancement is largely driven by peer-reviewed original research, so we sought to determine the representation of female physician-investigators among the authors of selected publications during the past 35 years. METHODS Original articles from six prominent medical journals - the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), the Annals of : Internal Medicine (Ann Intern Med), the Annals of Surgery (Ann Surg), Obstetrics & Gynecology (Obstet Gynecol), and the Journal of Pediatrics (Pediatr) - were categorized according to the sex of both the first and the senior (last listed) author. Sex was also determined for the authors of guest editorials in NEJM and JAMA. Data were collected for the years 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2004. The analysis was restricted to authors I from U.S. institutions holding M.D. degrees. RESULTS The sex was determined for 98.5 percent of the 7249 U.S. authors of original research with M.D. degrees. The proportion of first authors who were women increased from 5.9 percent in 1970 to 29.3 percent in 2004 (P
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